History of Penrith

History of Penrith NSW 2750

Penrith Was First Established In = 1815

History Timeline:

  • In 1789 Captain Watkin Tench of the Royal Marines lead a party west of Parramatta to the foothills of the Blue Mountains. They came across a river which is know known today as the Nepean River named after Evan Nepean a gentleman who was involved in the organisation of the first fleet.
  • In 1815 January – Great Western Road – Emu to Parramatta built through Woodriff grant by William Cox.
  • After the Blue Mountains Barrier was crossed by Blaxland, Wentworth and Lawson in 1813 – Public access was soon permitted across the Nepean River in 1815 following the building of the road across the Blue Mountains.
  • In 1856 January – First traffic bridge over the Nepean River opened. It was washed away in the flood the following year.
  • In 1963 April – Penrith Court House Opened.
  • In 1964 March – New Penrith Library Building Opened in Henry Street.
  • In 1971 March – Penrith Plaza Opened.
  • In 1984 April – Penrith Panthers Club Opened.
  • In 1985 November – Penrith Mall Officially Opened by Premier Neville Wran.
  • In 1989 February – Penrith High School takes first students as a selective High School.
  • In 1993 August – Grand Opening of New Penrith Plaza Refurbishment.
  • In 1994 December – Penrith City Council’s New Civic Centre Opened for Business.
  • In 2000 September – Penrith hosted rowing, kayaking and canoeing at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games.
  • In 2002 January – $6.4 Million grants from the State Government to contribute of the $12 million upgrade of the Joan Sutherland Performing Arts Centre.
  • Penrith was first inhabited by the Aboriginal Darug Tribe.
  • Emu Plains was originally restricted to the general public and it was a government farm established by Governor Macquarie.
  • Fun Fact: Emu Plains was apparently named after the sighting of Emus roaming the area. However, no emus are to be seen there today.
  • Penrith became a stop over and starting point for most travellers west bound.
  • The name Penrith was first recorded in 1822 – Possibly named after Penrith in Cumbria England as it is also set on a river backdrop with hills.
  • Penrith came alive once the introduction of the railway line came into play in 1863 servicing as a major railway town until the First World War. Penrith experienced major expansion during the Second World War with the establishment of several military depots in the area.
  • In 1970’s major buildings began to expand, and Penrith began to boom, continuing to the present day with the population estimated at 200,000 people which accounts for 2.58% of the NSW Population and with Penrith being the 8th Largest city in Australia. Penrith is now a major city being the CBD for Hawkesbury Valley and the Blue Mountains areas.
  • Penrith’s Population Density is 442 people per kilometre which is one of the most populated cities in NSW.
  • The median age of people in the Penrith area is 34 years notably below the national median of 37 years.
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